Glossary

Click on character range below to see the explanations.

Bedwetting

Bedwetting (medically known as enuresis) is the involuntary loss of urine. When it occurs during sleep at night it is referred to as nocturnal enuresis. » Read more » Read more

Bladder Diary

Also known as a urinary diary. Keeping a record of how often urine is passed, the amount and how much has been drunk each day can help you and medical professionals to assess the level and type of urinary incontinence and treatment required. » Read more » Read more

Bladder retraining

Bladder retraining is a behavioural technique designed to increase the capacity of the bladder and decrease the frequency of urination. Over time, the bladder becomes less irritable and able to cope with larger volumes of urine. A bladder diary (also known as a urinary diary) is the first step in assessing urge incontinence and setting up a course of bladder retraining. » Read more » Read more

Bladder weakness

Bladder weakness (also referred to as a weak bladder) is when there is difficulty in controlling the bladder, resulting in an involuntary loss of urine. There are many different reasons for female bladder weakness and male bladder weakness. » Read more » Read more

Constipation

Constipation is generally defined as having difficulty, delay or pain in passing a stool and the stool doesn’t have to be hard for this to happen. It’s quite common during childhood. » Read more » Read more

Dermatologically tested

The process of testing to ensure products are skin friendly under real life conditions. » Read more » Read more

Dry Overactive Bladder (dry OAB)

Dry overactive bladder is when the bladder contracts strongly and the muscles surrounding the urethra (the tube that takes urine away from the bladder) are not able to stop urine passing.  » Read more » Read more

Enuresis

Enuresis (also known as bedwetting) is the involuntary loss of urine. When it occurs during sleep at night it is referred to as nocturnal enuresis. » Read more » Read more

Functional Incontinence

This is an inability to reach the toilet in time because of the difficulties caused by physical or mental illness. » Read more » Read more

Incontinence

Incontinence or being incontinent can refer to both urinary incontinence and faecal incontinence. » Read more » Read more

Incontinence management

Whether you are experiencing bladder weakness yourself or you work in incontinence care (sometimes referred to as continence care), there are incontinence products and treatments that can really help. » Read more » Read more

Incontinence treatments

There are many kinds of recommended urinary incontinence treatments and methods. One method is lifestyle interventions, such as bladder training or pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) which strengthen your core muscles. Changing the fluid intake and emptying pattern or weight loss can also often help.  » Read more » Read more

Irritable Bladder

An irritable bladder is when the bladder contracts strongly and the muscles surrounding the urethra (the tube that takes urine away from the bladder) are not able to stop urine passing.  » Read more » Read more

Menopause

The period that marks the permanent cessation of menstrual activity. » Read more » Read more

Menopause

The period that marks the permanent cessation of menstrual activity. » Read more » Read more

Micturition

The act of urinating (voiding, or passing urine). » Read more » Read more

Mixed Incontinence

Quite literally, this is mixed symptoms. Usually it’s a combination of Stress Incontinence and Urge Incontinence. If you happen to have both types, there is usually one that causes more of a problem than the other, so you should focus on dealing with the most frequent symptom first. » Read more » Read more

Neurological Bladder Disorders

Damage to the nerves as a result of illness can affect the way the brain and bladder communicate. This results in an inability to control the bladder or empty it completely. » Read more » Read more

Overactive Bladder

An overactive bladder is when the bladder contracts strongly and the muscles surrounding the urethra (the tube that takes urine away from the bladder) are not able to stop urine passing.  » Read more » Read more

Overflow Incontinence

This is a constant or episodic flow of urine, usually caused by an obstruction or nerve damage.  » Read more » Read more

Pelvic Floor exercises

Pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) involves the contraction and relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles to improve bladder support and closure pressure of the urethra.  Pelvic floor exercises are most successful for stress incontinence and mixed incontinence, but may be of value to those with urge incontinence. » Read more » Read more

Pelvic floor muscles

The pelvic floor muscles (or pelvic muscles) are a group of muscles inside the pelvis that form a floor between your legs.  They are located between the pubic bone (at the front) and the base of your spine (at the back). Weakening of these muscles can lead to problems such as urinary incontinence and, if the anal closure muscle is affected, faecal incontinence. » Read more » Read more

Post-micturition dribble

This is when the bladder doesn’t empty completely and continues to leak after urinating. This is also common with an enlarged prostate or weakened pelvic floor muscles. » Read more » Read more

Prostate

A gland in men, which is located at the base of the bladder and surrounds the urethra. It produces a fluid at ejaculation. Often in older men, the gland starts to grow larger and obstructs the urine tube. A symptom of this is a poor stream of urine, also known as problems emptying the bladder or incomplete emptying of the bladder. » Read more » Read more

Prostate

A gland in men, which is located at the base of the bladder and surrounds the urethra. It produces a fluid at ejaculation. Sometimes in older men, the gland grows larger and obstructs the urine tube. A symptom of this is a poor stream of urine. » Read more » Read more

Sensitive bladder

Often used to describe light bladder weakness » Read more » Read more

Stress Incontinence

Stress urinary incontinence describes the complaint of the involuntary leakage of urine (bladder weakness) following physical effort.  This effort can include physical exertion, or actions such as coughing, sneezing or laughing. Stress incontinence usually only involves small amounts of urine, but is dependent upon how full the bladder is when the abdominal pressure occurs.  Stress incontinence is generally connected to a weakening of the pelvic floor muscles and can be a result of physical changes occurring during pregnancy, childbirth and menopause.


Additional information:
Stress urinary incontinence in women is also referred to as Urinary stress incontinence or stress incontinence.


Male stress incontinence is generally experienced after prostate surgery, though it is not unknown in other circumstances.  This term for men is also referred to as Urinary stress incontinence or Post-prostatectomy Stress Urinary Incontinence.
 » Read more » Read more

Under-active bladder

If you have an underactive bladder, it holds much more urine than normal. Because you cannot feel when the bladder is full, you leak small amounts of urine as bladder pressure builds.


Additional information:
Both underactive bladder and overactive bladder fall under the term ‘bladder dysfunction’.
 » Read more » Read more

Urge Incontinence

Urge incontinence also known as dry overactive bladder (dry OAB) refers to the over activeness of the detrusor muscle of the bladder.  This muscle creates an increased urgency, with little or no warning, and is often accompanied by the leakage of urine. In severe cases, the size of the leakage can be large.


You may find that your urinary frequency increases meaning you need to urinate more frequently than the usual 4-8 times a day, this may include one or more per night (also known as nocturia). In certain cases you can 'train' your bladder to urinate less frequently. Bladder training can also help you to avoid urinating at night.


Urge Incontinence is the most common incontinence type for men and is usually due to interference in the nerve signals between the bladder and the brain.  This is often linked to either an enlarged prostate or the result of prostate surgery.
Related words: Incontinence, incontinence management, stress incontinence and Overactive Bladder.
 » Read more » Read more

Urinary diary

Urinary diary is also known as a bladder diary. Keeping a record of how often urine is passed, the amount and how much has been drunk each day can help you and medical professionals to assess the level and type of urinary incontinence and treatment required. » Read more » Read more

Urinary Retention

This is one of the causes of incontinence. Urinary retention means a poor urinary stream, which could include intermittent flow, straining and a delay between trying to urinate and the flow actually beginning. As the bladder remains full, this may lead to incontinence. » Read more » Read more

Urinary Stress Incontinence

Urinary Stress Incontinence describes the complaint of the involuntary leakage of urine (bladder weakness) following physical effort.  This effort can include physical exertion, or actions such as coughing, sneezing or laughing. Stress Incontinence usually only involves small amounts of urine, but is dependent upon how full the bladder is when the abdominal pressure occurs.  Stress incontinence is generally connected to a weakening of the pelvic floor muscles and can be a result of physical changes occurring during pregnancy, childbirth and menopause.


Urinary stress incontinence in women is also referred to as stress urinary incontinence or stress incontinence.


Male stress incontinence is generally experienced after prostate surgery, though it is not unknown in other circumstances.  For men this term is also referred to as urinary stress incontinence or post-prostatectomy stress urinary incontinence.
 » Read more » Read more